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International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
ISSN (online) : 2278-9030
ISSN (Print) : 2278-9014
ISSUES : 4/year
PUBLISHER : Rehabilitation Without Borders

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Original Article 
IJHRS. 2013; 2(3): 146-151


Application of Three Dimensional Wooden Neuroanatomy Models in Medical education and Objective Structured Practical Examination

Muhammed Asif, Venkatesh Gokuldas Kamath, Shivarama Bhat, Ramakrishna Avadhani.

Abstract
Medical education witnesses changing trends in the pattern of evaluation of the students. The previously employed laborious theory examinations and one time evaluation is being replaced by periodic evaluation methods and testing of application skills of the student. Here the objective is to introduce a novel technique called objective structured practical examination (O.S.P.E) for assessing the students using building block Neuroanatomy models. After a thorough Neuroanatomical study, seven (three dimensional) Neuroanatomy models of sections of brainstem at seven levels were prepared using teakwood. The various nuclei and tracts were represented using wooden stubs. These are unique as they are building block models and can be assembled and dissembled. The machine carved three dimensional Neuroanatomy models can be dissembled and applied at an O.S.P.E. station and the students can be asked to rebuild it by positioning the nuclei and tracts at appropriate places followed by discussion of individual tracts.

Key words: O.S.P.E, Neuroanatomy, Three dimensional wooden Models


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Muhammed Asif, Venkatesh Gokuldas Kamath, Shivarama Bhat, Ramakrishna Avadhani. Application of Three Dimensional Wooden Neuroanatomy Models in Medical education and Objective Structured Practical Examination. IJHRS. 2013; 2(3): 146-151.


Web Style

Muhammed Asif, Venkatesh Gokuldas Kamath, Shivarama Bhat, Ramakrishna Avadhani. Application of Three Dimensional Wooden Neuroanatomy Models in Medical education and Objective Structured Practical Examination. http://www.ijhrs.org/?mno=46269 [Access: October 17, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muhammed Asif, Venkatesh Gokuldas Kamath, Shivarama Bhat, Ramakrishna Avadhani. Application of Three Dimensional Wooden Neuroanatomy Models in Medical education and Objective Structured Practical Examination. IJHRS. 2013; 2(3): 146-151.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muhammed Asif, Venkatesh Gokuldas Kamath, Shivarama Bhat, Ramakrishna Avadhani. Application of Three Dimensional Wooden Neuroanatomy Models in Medical education and Objective Structured Practical Examination. IJHRS. (2013), [cited October 17, 2021]; 2(3): 146-151.



Harvard Style

Muhammed Asif, Venkatesh Gokuldas Kamath, Shivarama Bhat, Ramakrishna Avadhani (2013) Application of Three Dimensional Wooden Neuroanatomy Models in Medical education and Objective Structured Practical Examination. IJHRS, 2 (3), 146-151.



Turabian Style

Muhammed Asif, Venkatesh Gokuldas Kamath, Shivarama Bhat, Ramakrishna Avadhani. 2013. Application of Three Dimensional Wooden Neuroanatomy Models in Medical education and Objective Structured Practical Examination. International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 2 (3), 146-151.



Chicago Style

Muhammed Asif, Venkatesh Gokuldas Kamath, Shivarama Bhat, Ramakrishna Avadhani. "Application of Three Dimensional Wooden Neuroanatomy Models in Medical education and Objective Structured Practical Examination." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 2 (2013), 146-151.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muhammed Asif, Venkatesh Gokuldas Kamath, Shivarama Bhat, Ramakrishna Avadhani. "Application of Three Dimensional Wooden Neuroanatomy Models in Medical education and Objective Structured Practical Examination." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 2.3 (2013), 146-151. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muhammed Asif, Venkatesh Gokuldas Kamath, Shivarama Bhat, Ramakrishna Avadhani (2013) Application of Three Dimensional Wooden Neuroanatomy Models in Medical education and Objective Structured Practical Examination. International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 2 (3), 146-151.



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