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International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
ISSN (online) : 2278-9030
ISSN (Print) : 2278-9014
ISSUES : 4/year
PUBLISHER : Rehabilitation Without Borders

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Original Research 


Relationship Between Handgrip Strength, Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Correlation Study

Samuel SE, Abhilash PV, Sharma A.

Abstract
Background: Dynapenia involves decline in a range of functional abilities and phenotypes, many of which are associated with socioeconomic status (SES) and depressive symptoms. Reduced handgrip strength (HGS) predicts disability, morbidity and mortality but it is unclear if it is influenced by socioeconomic factors and depression
Objectives: This study aimed to assess SES, depressive symptoms and HGS among older adults.
Materials and methods: A total of 33 community dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Kuppuswamy socioeconomic scale, geriatric depression scale (GDS) and handheld dynamometer were used to assess socioeconomic status, depressive symptoms and handgrip strength respectively
Results: The mean HGS was 22.8 kg for men and 17.4 kg for women. In adjusted linear regression analysis among both men and women SES has a significant association with HGS and depressive symptoms in older adults. Depressive symptoms were negatively associated with grip strength while positively associated with SES.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that lower HGS, using standardised age and gender is associated with depressive symptoms and SES. HGS can be a simple tool and guidelines for health workers and caregivers to identify and reduce clinical, functional, psychological, social and economic risk factors for disability.

Keywords: Hand-grip strength, Depression, Socioeconomic status, Elderly

Key words: Hand-grip strength, Depression, Socioeconomic status, Elderly


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Samuel SE, Abhilash PV, Sharma A. Relationship Between Handgrip Strength, Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Correlation Study. IJHRS. 2021; 9(1): 17-28. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000187


Web Style

Samuel SE, Abhilash PV, Sharma A. Relationship Between Handgrip Strength, Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Correlation Study. https://www.ijhrs.org/?mno=14557 [Access: October 06, 2022]. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000187


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Samuel SE, Abhilash PV, Sharma A. Relationship Between Handgrip Strength, Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Correlation Study. IJHRS. 2021; 9(1): 17-28. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000187



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Samuel SE, Abhilash PV, Sharma A. Relationship Between Handgrip Strength, Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Correlation Study. IJHRS. (2021), [cited October 06, 2022]; 9(1): 17-28. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000187



Harvard Style

Samuel SE, Abhilash PV, Sharma A (2021) Relationship Between Handgrip Strength, Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Correlation Study. IJHRS, 9 (1), 17-28. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000187



Turabian Style

Samuel SE, Abhilash PV, Sharma A. 2021. Relationship Between Handgrip Strength, Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Correlation Study. International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 9 (1), 17-28. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000187



Chicago Style

Samuel SE, Abhilash PV, Sharma A. "Relationship Between Handgrip Strength, Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Correlation Study." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 9 (2021), 17-28. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000187



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Samuel SE, Abhilash PV, Sharma A. "Relationship Between Handgrip Strength, Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Correlation Study." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 9.1 (2021), 17-28. Print. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000187



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Samuel SE, Abhilash PV, Sharma A (2021) Relationship Between Handgrip Strength, Socioeconomic Status and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Correlation Study. International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 9 (1), 17-28. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000187



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