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International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
ISSN (online) : 2278-9030
ISSN (Print) : 2278-9014
ISSUES : 4/year
PUBLISHER : Rehabilitation Without Borders

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Case Report 
IJHRS. 2013; 2(3): 179-182


Shoulder Girdle Muscle Atrophy in Ankylosing Spondylitis A Case Report

Alex Thangjalet Touthang, Naorem Bimol, Y Nandabir Singh, Tamphaleima, Sonachand G Sharma, Naorem Santa.

Abstract
Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder that primarily affects the axial skeleton. Prevalence rate is 0.5 1% and is strongly associated with HLA B-27. It can also affect peripheral joints like hip, knee, shoulder etc. Extra skeletal manifestations may include anterior uveitis, aortitis, irritable bowel syndrome etc. Muscle involvement in AS is uncommon. Whether AS also involves muscles primarily remains disputed. Several factors associated with the disease (chronic inflammation, multiple enthesopathies, muscle stiffness and bone lesions) could be responsible for this not fully understood aspect of Ankylosing Spondylitis. Here we report a case of unusual muscle atrophy in a patient with Ankylosing Spondylitis and its possible pathogenic mechanisms.

Key words: Ankylosing Spondylitis, Muscle atrophy, HLA B-27


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alex Thangjalet Touthang, Naorem Bimol, Y Nandabir Singh, Tamphaleima, Sonachand G Sharma, Naorem Santa. Shoulder Girdle Muscle Atrophy in Ankylosing Spondylitis A Case Report. IJHRS. 2013; 2(3): 179-182.


Web Style

Alex Thangjalet Touthang, Naorem Bimol, Y Nandabir Singh, Tamphaleima, Sonachand G Sharma, Naorem Santa. Shoulder Girdle Muscle Atrophy in Ankylosing Spondylitis A Case Report. http://www.ijhrs.org/?mno=47497 [Access: June 18, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alex Thangjalet Touthang, Naorem Bimol, Y Nandabir Singh, Tamphaleima, Sonachand G Sharma, Naorem Santa. Shoulder Girdle Muscle Atrophy in Ankylosing Spondylitis A Case Report. IJHRS. 2013; 2(3): 179-182.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alex Thangjalet Touthang, Naorem Bimol, Y Nandabir Singh, Tamphaleima, Sonachand G Sharma, Naorem Santa. Shoulder Girdle Muscle Atrophy in Ankylosing Spondylitis A Case Report. IJHRS. (2013), [cited June 18, 2021]; 2(3): 179-182.



Harvard Style

Alex Thangjalet Touthang, Naorem Bimol, Y Nandabir Singh, Tamphaleima, Sonachand G Sharma, Naorem Santa (2013) Shoulder Girdle Muscle Atrophy in Ankylosing Spondylitis A Case Report. IJHRS, 2 (3), 179-182.



Turabian Style

Alex Thangjalet Touthang, Naorem Bimol, Y Nandabir Singh, Tamphaleima, Sonachand G Sharma, Naorem Santa. 2013. Shoulder Girdle Muscle Atrophy in Ankylosing Spondylitis A Case Report. International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 2 (3), 179-182.



Chicago Style

Alex Thangjalet Touthang, Naorem Bimol, Y Nandabir Singh, Tamphaleima, Sonachand G Sharma, Naorem Santa. "Shoulder Girdle Muscle Atrophy in Ankylosing Spondylitis A Case Report." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 2 (2013), 179-182.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alex Thangjalet Touthang, Naorem Bimol, Y Nandabir Singh, Tamphaleima, Sonachand G Sharma, Naorem Santa. "Shoulder Girdle Muscle Atrophy in Ankylosing Spondylitis A Case Report." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 2.3 (2013), 179-182. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alex Thangjalet Touthang, Naorem Bimol, Y Nandabir Singh, Tamphaleima, Sonachand G Sharma, Naorem Santa (2013) Shoulder Girdle Muscle Atrophy in Ankylosing Spondylitis A Case Report. International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 2 (3), 179-182.



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