ABOUT ijhrs


International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
ISSN (online) : 2278-9030
ISSN (Print) : 2278-9014
ISSUES : 4/year
PUBLISHER : Rehabilitation Without Borders

ARTICLE TOOLS


Review Article 


Effects of lower limb Spasticity on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis; Review

Mohammad Etoom, Salameh Al Dajah.

Abstract
Objective: The aim of this paper is to review literature systematically and quantify the effects of leg spasticity on gait parameters in PwMS.
Methods and Materials: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Articles were included if they met the following inclusion criteria: They were original, observational studies, participants were PwMS, study the effects of leg spasticity on gait in MS patients compared with MS patients without spasticity. The included articles were assessed by modified Downs and Black checklist. The difference between the groups using standardized mean differences and 95% confidence intervals were calculated for meta-analyses.
Results: The review included 3 studies with a total of 156 participants; 78 participants were with spasticity, and 78 without spasticity. The lower limb spasticity was detected by modified Ashworth scale self-rating spasticity. The gait was assessed by clinical scales, spatial and temporal gait analyses, free-living walking for a 7 days, O2 consumption during gait, kinematic parameters within the gait, and lower limb muscles range of motion and activity. The included studies and meta-analyses show that the spasticity affected negatively gait with significant differences in comparison with non-spasticity PwMS.
Conclusion: Spasticity affects negatively on gait and walking mobility. Those walking impairments lead to increase level of disability, and risk of fall. Gait training is required in MS rehabilitation protocols especially for PwMS with spasticity

Key words: Multiple Sclerosis, Spasticity, Gait, Walking


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Mohammad Etoom
Articles by Salameh Al Dajah
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mohammad Etoom, Salameh Al Dajah. Effects of lower limb Spasticity on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis; Review . IJHRS. 2017; 6(2): 101-110. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000126


Web Style

Mohammad Etoom, Salameh Al Dajah. Effects of lower limb Spasticity on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis; Review . http://www.ijhrs.org/?mno=284861 [Access: June 17, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000126


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohammad Etoom, Salameh Al Dajah. Effects of lower limb Spasticity on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis; Review . IJHRS. 2017; 6(2): 101-110. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000126



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohammad Etoom, Salameh Al Dajah. Effects of lower limb Spasticity on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis; Review . IJHRS. (2017), [cited June 17, 2021]; 6(2): 101-110. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000126



Harvard Style

Mohammad Etoom, Salameh Al Dajah (2017) Effects of lower limb Spasticity on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis; Review . IJHRS, 6 (2), 101-110. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000126



Turabian Style

Mohammad Etoom, Salameh Al Dajah. 2017. Effects of lower limb Spasticity on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis; Review . International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 6 (2), 101-110. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000126



Chicago Style

Mohammad Etoom, Salameh Al Dajah. "Effects of lower limb Spasticity on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis; Review ." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 6 (2017), 101-110. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000126



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohammad Etoom, Salameh Al Dajah. "Effects of lower limb Spasticity on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis; Review ." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 6.2 (2017), 101-110. Print. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000126



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohammad Etoom, Salameh Al Dajah (2017) Effects of lower limb Spasticity on Gait in People with Multiple Sclerosis; Review . International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 6 (2), 101-110. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000126



Online Submission & Review

Abstracted & Indexed in:

 

  • Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI)

  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

  • Directory of Science 

  • GetCITED

  • Google Scholar

  • ICMJE

  • Index Copernicus International (7.43)

  • Index Scholar

  • J - Gate

  • Journal Index

  • Journal TOCs (UK)

  • ResearchBib

  • Scirus (Elsevier)

  • Scopemed

  • Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (ProQuest)

  • WHO (HINARI)