ABOUT ijhrs


International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
ISSN (online) : 2278-9030
ISSN (Print) : 2278-9014
ISSUES : 4/year
PUBLISHER : Rehabilitation Without Borders

ARTICLE TOOLS


Original Research 


Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university students in KSA.

Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi.

Abstract
Background: The effects of cigarette smoking on health is well established. It is a component cause of development of myocardial infarction, stroke, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the cardiopulmonary functions of smoking and non-smoking male students in Majmaah University, KSA.
Materials and Methods: Sixty subjects with age range19-24 years were participate in this study. Evaluate pulmonary functions using Spirometry. Heart rate, respiratory rate and rate of perceived exertion measured for each subject before and after 6-minute walk test.
Results: There is significant difference with p< 0.05 between smoking students and non -smoking students in their FVC, FEV1, MVV, HR, RR and PRE, which confirm that the smoking students are more susceptible for cardiopulmonary diseases

Conclusion: This study confirm that cardiopulmonary functions were affected in smoking group in comparison to the non-smoking group

Key words: Smoking, cardiopulmonary functions, pulmonary function assessment, Six-minute walk test, Modified Borg scale


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Mohamed Kotb Seyam
Articles by Salameh Al Dajah
Articles by Khalid Alghamdi
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. Ezzati M, Henley SJ, Thun MJ, Lopez AD. Role of smoking in global and regional cardiovascular mortality. Circulation. 2005; 112: 489-97. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
2. Feenstra TL, van Genugten ML, Hoogenveen RT, Wouters EF, Rutten-van Molken MP. The impact of aging and smoking on the future burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a model analysis in the Netherlands. Am J Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2001; 164: 590-6.
3. Stratton, K., Shetty, P.,Wallace, R., Bondurant, S., Clearing the smoke: the science base for tobacco harm reduction–executive summary. Tob. Control 2001; 10: 189-95.
4. Bandyopadhyay A, Tripathy S, Kamal RB, Basak AK. Peak expiratory flow rate in college students of Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh, India. Ind Biol. 2007; 39(1):71-5.
5. Cheng YJ, Macera CA, Addy CL, Wieland D, Blair SN. Effects of physical activity on exercise tests and respiratory function. Br J Sports Med. 2003; 37: 521-8. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
6. Lauer MS, Pashkow FJ, Larson MG, levy D. Association of cigarette smoking with chronotropic incompetence and prognosis in the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation. 1997; 96: 897-903. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. Hariraja Muthusamy, Salameh Aldajah, Sivanandan Ramar, Akram Omoush. Comparison of Cardiovascular Response between Men and Women to Isometric Exercise of Lower Limb. International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences 2015; 4(3): 193-200 [DOI via Crossref]   
8. Tzemos N, Lim PO, MacDonald TM. Is exercise blood pressure a marker of vascular endothelial function? Q J Med. 2002; 95: 423-9.
9. McDonough P, Moffatt RJ. Smoking-induced elevations in blood carboxyhaemoglobin levels. SportsMed. 1999; 27: 275-83. [DOI via Crossref]   
10. Maiorana A, O'Driscoll G, Dembo L, Goodman C, Taylor R, Green D. Exercise training, vascular function, and functional capacity in middleaged subjects. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001; 33: 2022-8. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. Miller MR, Hankinson J, Brusasco V, Burgos F, Casaburi R, Coates A, et al. Standardisation of spirometry. Eur Respir J. 2005; 26: 319-38. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
12. Prasads S. Ammani and Pryor A. Jennifer. Physiotherapy for respiratory and cardiac problems: adults and paediatrics. Elsevier and Churchill Livingstone. 2008; 51-73.
13. Al-Ashkar F, Mehra R, Mazzone PJ. Interpreting pulmonary function tests: recognize the pattern, and the diagnosis will follow. Cleve Clin. J Med. 2003 Oct; 70(10):866-73.
14. SB Dajah. Effects of back and respiratory muscle exercises on posture and respiratory function in elderly patients with osteoporosis. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation 2015; 22 (5): 233-7. [DOI via Crossref]   
15. American Thoracic Society. Standardization of spirometry, 1994 update. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995; 152: 1107-36. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. Richard Casaburi, Dick D. Briggs, James F. Donohue, Charles W. Serby, Shailendra S. Menjoge and Theodore J. Witek. The Spirometric Efficacy of Once-Daily Dosing With Tiotropium in Stable COPD: A 13- Week Multicenter Trial. Chest. 2000; 118(5):1294-302. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17. Simmons, M.S., Connett, J.E., Nides, M.A., Lindgren, P.G., Kleerup, E.C., Murray, R.P., Bjornson, W.M., Tashkin, D.P.; Smoking reduction and the rate of decline in FEV1: results from the lung health study. 2005; Eur. Respir. J. 25, 1011-7.
18. Wilson RC and Jones PW. A comparison of the visual analogue scale and modified Borg scale for the measurement of dyspnoea during exercise. 1989; Clin Sci ,76: 277-82.
19. Meo A. Sultan , Khaled Ahmed AlShehri, Bader Bandar AlHarbi, Omar Rayyan Barayyan, Abdulrahman Salem Bawazir, Omar Abdulmohsin Alanazi and Ahmed Raad Al-Zuhair. Effect of Shisha (Waterpipe) Smoking on Lung Functions and Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) among Saudi Young Adult Shisha Smokers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health2014; 11:9638-48.
20. Verbanck, S., Schuermans, D., Meysman, M., Paiva, M., Vincken, W.: Noninvasive assessment of airway alterations in smokers: the small airways revisited. 2004; Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 170, 414-9.
21. Takizawa, H., Tanaka, M., Takami, K., Ohtoshi, T., Ito, K., Satoh, M., Okada, Y., Yamasawa, F., Umeda, A.: Increased expression of inflammatory mediators in smallairway epithelium from tobacco smokers. 2000; Am. J. Physiol. Lung. Cell. Mol. Physiol. 278, 906-13.
22. Unverdorben M., Mostert A., Munjal S., van der Bijl A., Potgieter L, Venter C., Liang Q., Meyer B., Roethig H.-J. Acute effects of cigarette smoking on pulmonary function. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2010; 57: 241-6. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
23. G. Kiter, E. S. Ucë an, E. Ceylan and O. Kilincë. Water-pipe smoking and pulmonary functions. Respiratory Medicine 2000; 94: 891-4. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
24. Zahran FM and Baig MHA. Long term effects of shisha and cigarette smoking on respiratory system in Saudi Arabia. Proceeding of the seventh Saudi Medical Meetting. Dammam 1982; 160-5.
25. Roth, M.D., Arora, A., Barsky, S.H., Kleerup, E.C., Simmons, M., Tashkin, D.P.: Airway inflammation in young marijuana and tobacco smokers. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 1998; 157, 928
26. Rennard, S.I., Umino, T., Millatmal, T., Daughton, D.M., Manouilova, L.S., Ullrich, F.A., Patil, K.D., Romberger, D.J., Floreani, A.A., Anderson, J.R.,: Evaluation of subclinical respiratory tract inflammation in heavy smokers who switch to a cigarette-like nicotine delivery device that primarily heats tobacco. Nicotine. Tob. Res. 2002; 4: 467-76.
27. Abdessalem Koubaa, Moez Triki, Hajer Trabelsi, Liwa Masmoudi, Khaled N. Zeghal1, Zouhair Sahnoun and Ahmed Hakim: Lung function profiles and aerobic capacity of adult cigarette and hookah smokers after 12 weeks intermittent training. Libyan Journal of Medicine. 2015; 10: 26680-8. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
28. Lundback, B., Lindberg, A., Lindstrom, M., Ronmark, E., Jonsson, A.C., Jonsson, E., Larsson, L.G., Andersson, S., Sandstrom, T., Larsson, K. Not 15 but 50% of smokers develop COPD? –Report from the obstructive lung disease in Northern Sweden studies. Respir. Med. 2003 97, 115-22.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi. Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university students in KSA. . IJHRS. 2016; 5(2): 90-99. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000107


Web Style

Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi. Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university students in KSA. . http://www.ijhrs.org/?mno=226410 [Access: November 30, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000107


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi. Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university students in KSA. . IJHRS. 2016; 5(2): 90-99. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000107



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi. Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university students in KSA. . IJHRS. (2016), [cited November 30, 2021]; 5(2): 90-99. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000107



Harvard Style

Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi (2016) Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university students in KSA. . IJHRS, 5 (2), 90-99. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000107



Turabian Style

Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi. 2016. Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university students in KSA. . International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 5 (2), 90-99. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000107



Chicago Style

Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi. "Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university students in KSA. ." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 5 (2016), 90-99. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000107



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi. "Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university students in KSA. ." International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS) 5.2 (2016), 90-99. Print. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000107



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi (2016) Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university students in KSA. . International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS), 5 (2), 90-99. doi:10.5455/ijhrs.0000000107



Online Submission & Review

Abstracted & Indexed in:

 

  • Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI)

  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

  • Directory of Science 

  • GetCITED

  • Google Scholar

  • ICMJE

  • Index Copernicus International (7.43)

  • Index Scholar

  • J - Gate

  • Journal Index

  • Journal TOCs (UK)

  • ResearchBib

  • Scirus (Elsevier)

  • Scopemed

  • Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory (ProQuest)

  • WHO (HINARI)